The Adaptation Consortium (ADA) supports county governments to mainstream climate change into development and planning through the County Climate Change Fund (CCCF) mechanism.
The County Climate Change Fund (CCCF) is a mechanism which puts communities in charge of their development by allowing them to prioritize public good investments that build their resilience to climate change. The mechanism is geared towards addressing climate change adaptation priorities, building community resilience, and fostering sustainable economic growth.
The fund previously known as the County Adaptation Fund (CAF) was piloted in Isiolo County between 2012 -2013 through the Ministry of State for Development of Northern Kenya and other Arid Lands (MDNKOAL) with support from the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), Kenya Meteorological Department (KMD) and the Resource Advocacy Programme (RAP). The lessons learnt in Isiolo were replicated in four other Arid and Semi-Arid counties of Garissa, Kitui, Makueni, and Wajir.
Through the support of partners, ADA has scaled out the CCCF mechanism to Narok, Kwale, Siaya, Kisumu, Vihiga, Nandi, Bomet, Kisii, Kakamega, Kericho, Embu, Nakuru, Laikipia, Taita Taveta, Makueni, Tharaka-Nithi, Embu, Trans-Nzoia.
In addition, Ada has done the following since the CCCF scale out in 2019:
- Vihiga, Narok, Kwale, Kisumu, Nandi, Bomet, Kisii, Kakamega, Embu, Laikipia, Taita Taveta, Tharaka-Nithi and Trans-Nzoia counties supported to enact CCCF legislations.
- Narok, Kwale, Siaya, Vihiga, Nandi, Makueni, Kericho and Embu Counties supported draft and validate climate information services plans (CISP).
- Narok, Kisumu, Vihiga, Kakamega, Nakuru and Trans-Nzoia counties supported to establish Climate Change Planning Committees.
- Vihiga, Kisumu, Nandi, Bomet, Kisii, Kakamega, Wajir, Makueni counties supported strengthen county integrated monitoring and evaluation system (CIMES) to respond to Climate Change.
ADA Consortium works with the National Treasury, Climate Change Directorate (CCD), National Environment Management Authority (NEMA), Ministry of Devolution and ASALs, Council of Governors, National Drought Management Authority, Kenya Meteorological Department, to align the work with national policies and processes and to upscale the approach nationally.
Other key partners include International Institute for Environment and Development, Christian Aid, Merti Integrated Development Programme (MID-P), Arid Lands Development Focus (ALDEF), WomanKind Kenya, Anglican Development Services – Eastern (ADS-E), Anglican Development Services – Western (ADS-W), Community Rehabilitation and Environmental Protection Programme – CREP, LifeSkills Promoters – LISP.
The CCCF mechanism has been funded by the Embassy of Sweden in Nairobi, UKAid, World Bank, IFAD, FSD and The World Wide Fund for Nature Inc(WWF).
Journey so far
- New Kenya constitution creates opportunity for new approach.
- Explored planning system and piloted community led climate planning mechanism
- Investment in Isiolo and scale out to four additional counties.
- Kenya’s National Adaptation Plan recommends scaling out/replication of CCCF
- Established skills and competencies needed in institutional strengthening
- 5 counties develop CCCF legislation, allocating funds to the CCCF mechanism and establishing institutions.
- 2nd round of investment implemented in the five counties.
- Generate learning that informs further work (alignment, cost-effectiveness of processes and tools)
- GOK/Development partners supporting further scale-up and establishment of a secure fund.
- Maintaining innovations and bottom-up approach while expanding stakeholders and government engagement.
Adaptation Consortium started by the then Ministry of State for Development of Northern Kenya and Other Arid Lands (MDNKOAL) with support from International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), Kenya Meteorological Department (KMD) and the Resource Advocacy Programme (RAP) in 2010. The aim of the project was to pilot planning approaches aimed at addressing climate change adaptation needs in Isiolo County.
The project also sought to strengthen institutional capacity at county level for good governance with adaptive planning as a key component for robust and resilient development in Kenya in the face of climate change.
Following the call to support local institutions for climate adaptation, a team from MDNKOAL and IIED met with communities in Isiolo. Communities’ desire was more involvement in the local development planning, to ensure that investments were suitable to drylands and pastoral contexts, and to better deal with extreme weather. Over the course of 2010, RAP was commissioned by IIED to carry out a series of community consultations to assess how local institutions for planning currently interfaces with government and non-governmental institutions.
These interactions culminated into a series of workshops with the community and government participants in 2011. To design the institutional structure of the devolved finance mechanism in keeping with the county government structure, to agree on the workplan for Isiolo. This led to financial support from Department for International Development (DFID) and the Catholic Organization for relief and Development Aid (CORDAID), and the commencement of the process in five wards in Isiolo, Oldonyiro, Sericho, Merti, Garbatulla and Kinna. This initial process was to verify that political support from communities and government has been crucial to the approach’s success.
The initial success in Isiolo led to DfiD funding of 6.5 million pounds accountable grant to the Adaptation Consortium under the leadership of the National Drought Management Authority, with technical support from IED, Christian Aid to support the Isiolo process and help the counties of Kitui, Makueni, Wajir, Garissa to institutionalize similar adaptation finance mechanism in four other Arid and Semi-Arid counties.